Assessment of the students’ entrepreneurial intentions at tertiary and secondary levels of schooling – the impact of entrepreneurship education

Kazmi, Syed Zaheer Abbas
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Kötet címe (évfolyam száma)
The study was aimed at exploring the impact of entrepreneurship education on students’ entrepreneurial intentions. Two underlying mechanisms were also studied as mediators. Chapter 1 of the dissertation describes an overview of the topic. It also discusses aims and objectives of the research and hypotheses of the study. Chapter 2 discusses literature related to entrepreneurship education and intentionality. It starts with a brief history of entrepreneurship. Role of religion with entrepreneurship is also discussed very briefly. Literature on the main variables and their association is discussed. Entrepreneurship education and its relationship with entrepreneurial intentions, entrepreneurial self-efficacy and desirability is discussed in the light of literature from previous studies. Chapter 3 discusses methodology of the research. It has a mixed methodology as both qualitative and quantitative research designs have been utilized. Survey questionnaire was administrated for data collection. In the study 1, in-depth interviews from 4 professors of Hungary and 6 professors of Pakistan were carried out. In the study 2, questionnaire data was collected from 542 students of bachelors and master from a public sector university of Pakistan. 184 questionnaires from a public sector university of Hungary were collected for study 2. Study 3 included sample of 523 tertiary level and 213 secondary level students from Pakistan. There were 98 university level, 80 secondary level from traditional system and 69 secondary level from the business education students from Hungary for study 3. Study 4 included in-depth interviews of 5 Pakistani and 4 Hungarian entrepreneurs. Chapter 4 discusses findings. Descriptive statistics are presented in the shape of graphs with brief description. Correlation and regression results for each study are presented in the tables with interpretation. Hypotheses 4 and 5 are accepted whereas hypotheses 1, 2, 3 and 6 are rejected on the basis of results. Chapter 5 discusses conclusions and recommendations. Chapter 6 describes the main findings and novel contribution. It is briefly concluded from the research that entrepreneurship has no significant relationship with students’ entrepreneurial intentions, entrepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurial desirability. However, students’ entrepreneurial self-efficacy and desirability are positively associated with the students’ entrepreneurial intentions. The study recommends for future research employing experimental designs for better understanding of the relationships. Academicians and policy makers need to look into an entrepreneurship education curriculum which enhances students’ entrepreneurial intentions.
entrepreneurship, self-efficacy, economic growth, socio-economic development