Is desertification a problem in Hungary?

Folyóirat címe
Folyóirat ISSN
Kötet címe (évfolyam száma)
University of Debrecen, Institute of Earth Sciences
The term of “desertification” refers to a land degradation processes of arid, semiarid and sub-humidareas. Although the concept originates from Sub-Saharan Africa, desertification threatens also the areaof Hungary. The greatest desertification risk is in the central part of the country, in the Danube-TiszaInterfluve where drought has always been a huge problem for the local society. Aridification processesare mainly due to climate change. Temperature increase and precipitation decrease as well as the increaseof the frequency and amplitude of extreme events contribute to the acceleration of desertification risk.Severe or moderate droughts occur in Hungary nearly every year. Drought frequency has increased,primarily in the last decades. Main findings of several research projects of MEDALUS II and III EUFramework projects (experiments on the effects of climate change on vegetation, soils and ground waterlevel) are summarized in the paper.
desertification, land degradation, Hungary, Danube-Tisza Interfluve