How cover crops and mulching effect on soil biological and physical parameters in an erosion exposed vineyard

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Sustainable cultivation methods on sloping vineyard cultivation are becoming increasingly important within today's adaptation to climate change impacts on these lands much exposed to erosion. On the Balaton uplands more than a decade ago, the Viticulture and Oenology Research Station (SZBKI-NAIK) in Badacsony recognized this significant hiatus across Europe and established a long-term study of soil covering processes in a vineyard that was deliberately exposed to erosion. Their aim was to compare the effectivity and ecological aspects of these processes and find answers for viticulturists looking for more economical and ecological future ways of farming in this wine region. We present the results of our measurements taken in 2017 in soil enzyme activity, soil moisture and economic (yield) parameters of the studied soil and vineyard. As compared to the average sunshine duration, in this year there had been 20% more but the temperature level and the amount of precipitation were close to the average values of many years, therefore conclusions can be reached not just for this year but generally for the climate of this wine region. According to our results, mulching with organic plant wastes achieved the most positive effect on the parameters studied also effectively reducing exposure to erosion in the plantation.

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sloping vineyard, cultivation method, sustainability, climate change, soil biology
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