Social Transformation and an Early Australian Ethos in the Convict Era

Sas, Enikő
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Australia’s history with Britain started in 1788 when the First Fleet landed in Botany Bay to establish the first white settlement of the continent. The penal colony had a lasting influence on the development of society in the country. In this thesis, I would like to draw the steps of this formation process by giving a comprehensive overview on the history of the convicts. In the first part, I would like to discuss the reasons why was Australia chosen as a British penal settlement and the events that lead to the transportation. In the second part, my focus will be on the background of the convicts: the crimes they had committed to end up in New South Wales. Furthermore, I also explore the difficulties of the first years that awaited them, and the type of society they formed on the new colony.
Australian history, convict era