Tobacco control in Africa

Domingos, Geraldo
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Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death in the world today, killing half of its users. And it is increasing from developed to developing countries. The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) is an international set of guidelines on tobacco control. Adopted by the WHO on the 21st of May 2003 and entered into force in 2005. The treaty was developed in response to the globalization of the tobacco epidemic. This systematic review addresses the Tobacco control in Africa (Angola), mainly focused on the WHO FCTC, the report and general presentation of the framework, its main objectives, the pros and cons in practical application and the prevalence of smokers in Angola and how the framework helped developing countries in general and specifically in controlling tobacco use. The methods used in this work were based on multiple scientific sources such as, PubMed, Web of Science, WHO and Google scholar. The findings showed that although some African countries have fulfilled their obligation on implementing regulations and creating strategic plans in compliance to the treaty, the region also undergoes various challenges which present difficulties in a full and effective implementation. An efficient and systematic surveillance mechanism is necessary and is an essential component for a comprehensive tobacco control program in Africa.
chemicals in cigarettes, tobaccopolice